March 12 ⇒Back
March 12 ⇒Back
1823 - ★(birth) Katsu Kaishu, Japanese naval officer and statesman.
He is known for his role during the Late Tokugawa shogunate and the Meiji period, particularly in the surrender of Edo (currently Tokyo).
1918 - ★Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
1930 - ★Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march, known as the Salt March.
The salt march to the sea is done in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt.
1942 - ★MacArthur and a select group leave Corregidor in four PT boats.
MacArthur evacuates to Australia in the Battle of the Philippines.
1945 - ◆(death) "Anne Frank", a German-Dutch diarist of Jewish heritage. 1 2
1993 - ★Several bombs explode in Bombay (Mumbai), India, killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.
1993 - ★North Korea nuclear weapons program: North Korea says that it plans to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refuses to allow inspectors access to its nuclear sites.
1993 - ★The Blizzard of 1993 – Snow begins to fall across the eastern portion of the US with tornadoes, thunder snow storms, high winds and record low temperatures. The storm lasts for 30 hours.
2003 - ★Zoran Dindie, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
2005 - ◆Greek President Karolos Papoulias takes office. His birthday, June 4, insinuates the overthrow of Toyotomi Dynasty in Japan. In fact his birthday and the day of assuming the presidency symbolize the downfall of the nation.
2011 - ◆Kyushu Shinkansen section from Yatsushiro to Hakata opens.
However, opening ceremonies are canceled due to 2011 Sendai earthquake and tsunami.
The Shinkansen, also known as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by four Japan Railways Group companies.
The opening is auspicious not only for Hakata and Yatsushiro but also for Kagoshima. Kagoshima is finally connected to the national bullet train transportation system.
Kagoshima used to be a major and powerful region in Japan. Around 16th century, Kagoshima was controlled by the Satsuma domain, one of the most powerful feudal domains in Japan under the Tokugawa shogunate. However, due to the insidious segregation strategy by the Tokugawa clan, Kagoshima has been bullied and undermined continually for about 400 years. The connection of the bullet train system is actually auspicious for Kagoshima, but irritating for some Tokyoites, particularly for the Tokugawa clan.
But to tell the truth, opening ceremonies were carried out as scheduled in cities other than Kagoshima.
So, the earthquake that happened on March 11 was too timely to deny the government's conspiracy.
2011 - ◆The US Pentagon quickly mobilizes “Operation Tomodachi” (friendship in Japanese) after the Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami.
To tell the truth, the name of the operation was named not by the US army but by the Japanese government.
On April 4, 2011, Japanese Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa thanked the U.S. military for its joint relief efforts with Japan Self-Defense Forces inside of the aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Hachinohe, northeastern Japan.
However, US helicopters took Kitazawa to and from the aircraft carrier. In addition, there are always complaints about the little information and slow activities of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.
There is a strong doubt that the US army is actually Japan's subsidiary troops.
April 16, 1867 - ★(birth) Wilbur Wright, co-inventor of the airplane with brother Orville.
He co-founded the Wright Company.
April 4, 1868 - ★The Gakushuin Peers School is reopened.
At the end of the 7th century, the Daigaku-ryo, or the Imperial university of Japan, was founded. However, it was destroyed by fire on May 27, 1177, and it was not rebuilt.
On April 23, 1847, Emperor Komei re-establised the Gakushuin, but later it was closed due to the confusion during the Meiji Restoration.
On April 4, 1868, the Meiji government reopened the Gakushuin, but later it was closed again.
On October 17, 1877, the Gakushuin was opened in Tokyo. In 1947, it was closed and was reopened as a privated school.
April 24, 1907 - ★Penal Code is promulgated (Japan). (Japanese Wikipedia) (timeline)
April 25, 1915 - ◆The ANZACs land on Gallipoli and meet fierce Ottoman resistance (WW I).
ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
April 17, 1970 - ★The ill-fated Apollo 13 spacecraft returns to Earth safely.
Apollo 13 is launched on April 11 at 13:13. But oxygen tank No. 2 blows up in the spacecraft on April 13 and the landing mission is aborted. However, it touches down safely in the Pacific Ocean. The mission is called "a successful failure".
This mission was probably a pun on the ominous number 13. And April 17 was chosen in accordance with the deathday of Tokugawa Ieyasu.